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标题:Spring @PostConstruct和@PreDestroy实例

在Spring中,既可以实现 InitializingBean和DisposableBean接口或在bean配置文件中指定 init-method 和 destroy-method 在初始化和销毁回调函数。在这篇文章中,我们将介绍如何使用 @PostConstruct 和 @PreDestroy 注解来做同样的事情。

注:@PostConstruct和@PreDestroy 标注不属于 Spring,它是在J2EE库- common-annotations.jar。

@PostConstruct 和 @PreDestroy

一个 CustomerService Bean使用 @PostConstruct 和 @PreDestroy 注释
package com.yiibai.customer.services;

import javax.annotation.PostConstruct;
import javax.annotation.PreDestroy;

public class CustomerService
{
	String message;
	
	public String getMessage() {
	  return message;
	}

	public void setMessage(String message) {
	  this.message = message;
	}
	
	@PostConstruct
	public void initIt() throws Exception {
	  System.out.println("Init method after properties are set : " + message);
	}
	
	@PreDestroy
	public void cleanUp() throws Exception {
	  System.out.println("Spring Container is destroy! Customer clean up");
	}
	
}
默认情况下,Spring不会意识到@PostConstruct和@PreDestroy注解。要启用它,要么注册“CommonAnnotationBeanPostProcessor”,要么在bean配置文件的<context:annotation-config />‘ 指定,

1. CommonAnnotationBeanPostProcessor

<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
	xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
	xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
	http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-2.5.xsd">

	<bean class="org.springframework.context.annotation.CommonAnnotationBeanPostProcessor" />

	<bean id="customerService" class="com.yiibai.customer.services.CustomerService">
		<property name="message" value="i'm property message" />
	</bean>
		
</beans>

2. <context:annotation-config />

<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
	xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
	xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
	xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
	http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-2.5.xsd
	http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
	http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-2.5.xsd">

	<context:annotation-config />

	<bean id="customerService" class="com.yiibai.customer.services.CustomerService">
		<property name="message" value="i'm property message" />
	</bean>
		
</beans>

执行结果

package com.yiibai.common;

import org.springframework.context.ConfigurableApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext;

import com.yiibai.customer.services.CustomerService;

public class App 
{
    public static void main( String[] args )
    {
    	ConfigurableApplicationContext context = 
    	  new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext(new String[] {"Spring-Customer.xml"});
	
    	CustomerService cust = (CustomerService)context.getBean("customerService");
    	
    	System.out.println(cust);
    	
    	context.close();
    }
}

输出结果

Init method after properties are set : im property message
com.yiibai.customer.services.CustomerService@47393f
...
INFO: Destroying singletons in org.springframework.beans.factory.
support.DefaultListableBeanFactory@77158a: 
defining beans [customerService]; root of factory hierarchy
Spring Container is destroy! Customer clean up
initIt()方法(@PostConstruct)被调用时,消息属性设置后 cleanUp() 方法(@PreDestroy)是在context.close()执行后被调用;

下载源代码 – http://pan.baidu.com/s/1qX2W6xI

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